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Home The River Basin People and the River Governance Resource Management
The River Basin
Climate and Weather
 Principles of Climate and Weather
 Climate of the Kunene Basin
 The Regional Climate
 Climate Patterns in the Basin
 Climate Variability in the Basin
Climate Classification in the Basin
 Water Scarcity in the Basin
 Drought in the Basin
 Rainwater Harvesting
 Climate Change
Water Quality
Ecology & Biodiversity



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Climate Classification in the Basin  

Using the Köppen Climate Classification System, the Kunene River basin is divided into three classes as can be seen in the map below. This class division can be considered as very roughly corresponding to the three reaches of the river – the Upper Kunene, the Middle Kunene and the Lower Kunene.

Köppen Climate Classification for the Kunene River basin.
Source: AHT GROUP AG 2010, after University of Melbourne 2007
( click to enlarge )

In the upper half of the basin, the climate is classed as Cwb implying a temperate climate (denoted by the C) with dry winters (w) and with warmest month temperatures averaging below 22 °C (b).

Moving south and eastwards through the basin, the class changes to a category B climate. These are arid and semi-arid climates where the precipitation is less than the potential evaporation. In the middle section of the basin there is a class BSh climate indicating a semi-arid steppe with the average temperature in the coldest month above 0 °C.

The Lower Kunene is dominated by a BWh climate – a dry desert climate.

For more information on the criteria used to define the Köppen classification, please refer to the Physical website.




Explore the sub-basins of the Kunene River

Video Interviews about the integrated and transboundary management of the Kunene River basin

Explore the interactions of living organisms in aquatic environments

Examine how the hydrologic cycle moves water through and around the earth