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Resource Management
Water Demand
 Water Demand Management
WDM at the Basin Level
 Policies and Strategies
 Climate Change and Adaptation
 Availability of Water
 Water Use & Allocation
 Registration & Allocation
 Environmental Flows
 Climate Change & Impact
 Conservation and Re-use
Water Infrastructure
The Value of Water
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Water Demand Management at Basin Level  

The following are examples of projects, institutions and partnerships in place to manage water demands at the basin level.

Managing Water for African Cities

The United Nations have recognised that many African cities urgently need to develop and implement effective Water Conservation / Water Demand Management (WC/WDM) strategies to use limited water resources effectively. A collaborative project was launched by the UN Centre for Human Settlements (UN-Habitat) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) within the framework of the UN’s Special Initiative on Africa. The project, to be completed by 2015, promotes policies and programmes for integrated urban water management for several African cities and prioritises the development and implementation of Water Demand Management programmes and measures (Sandstrom and Singh 2004).

Water tanker in Lower Kunene basin, Angola.
Source: AHT GROUP AG 2009
( click to enlarge )

Southern Africa Development Community

SADC and its’ member countries have adopted Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) as the regional approach to water resource management. The Revised Protocol on Shared Watercourses in SADC (Revised Protocol) is entirely based on the Integrated Water Resources Management approach, and is a good platform from which to implement Water Demand Management. The Protocol sets many goals and objectives including the facilitation of shared watercourse agreements through river basin commissions, and the harmonisation of policy and legislation across the basin. The Revised Protocol will also serve to allow for information exchange and technological advances (Sandstrom and Singh 2004).

The Global Water Partnership

"The vision of the Global Water Partnership is for a water-secure world. [Their] mission is to support the sustainable development and management of water resources at all levels."

The Global Water Partnership for southern Africa (GWP-SA) aims to promote Integrated Water Resource Management in southern Africa through the exchange of information and experiences. The GWP is a worldwide network of partners that develops and implements programmes in order to bridge gaps in knowledge (GWP-SA 2010). To learn more about the GWP visit its website (




Explore the sub-basins of the Kunene River

Video Interviews about the integrated and transboundary management of the Kunene River basin

View information on the dams and weirs of the Kunene Basin

Examine the virtual water trade and water footprints of SADC countries

Explore how hydroelectric dams work