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Home The River Basin People and the River Governance Resource Management
Resource Management
Water Demand
Water Infrastructure
The Value of Water
 Economic Value
 Environmental Costs
 Social Benefits and Costs
 Virtual Water
 In the SADC Region
 In Angola and Namibia
Resource Monitoring
Research & Development



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Virtual Water in Angola  

In 2007, Angola exported some 73 million m³ of virtual water in the form of 20 highly traded agricultural commodities, mainly in palm oil which accounted for 85 % of the calculated virtual water exports. In comparison to 2002, exports of virtual water had quintupled.

Women washing fruit - Angola
Source: Image courtesy of WEDC © Wayne Conradie (Picturing Africa)
( click to enlarge )

However, the import of virtual water in agricultural trade by far exceeded the exported quantity. In 2007, almost 3.4 billion m³ of virtual water were imported with milled rice, wheat flour and chicken meat having the largest shares, just ahead of refined sugar, sausages and soybean oil. This translates to 212 m³ per capita of net imported virtual water in agricultural trade alone.

Traded Agricultural Commodities and Virtual Water (2002, 2007)

( click to enlarge )

Source: Based on FAOSTAT and Hoekstra and Chapagain 2008




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