FanagoloFanagalo (or Fanakalo) is a pidgin (simplified language) based on the Zulu, English, and Afrikaans languages. It is used mainly in the gold, diamond, coal and copper mining industries in South Africa
FAOThe Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
FaultA fracture in rock caused by stress.
FaunaAnimal life. The fauna of an ecosystem is all of the animal life found in that ecosystem.
FDCFlow Duration Curve
FecundityThe number of offspring produced by an organism.
FeedlotsA plot of ground on which livestock are fattened for market.
FertilizerAn inorganic or organic substance that adds nutrients to soil for the purpose of increasing the growth of crops, trees, or other vegetation.
FillingAdding to and building up with material such as soil or gravel.
Fiscal policiesThe use of government spending and taxing powers to affect the behaviour of the economy.
Fitness for usea method of rating water as fit for different use cases.
FloodplainNearly level land along a stream flooded only when the streamflow exceeds the water carrying capacity of the channel.
FloraPlant life. The flora of an ecosystem is all of the plant life found in that ecosystem.
FlorisbadThe Florisbad archaeological and paleontological site is a provincial heritage site in Brandfort in the Free State province of South Africa.
Fodder cropsCrops grown primarily for animal feed.
Food chainA model describing the idea that organisms are dependent upon others for food and are linked to each other by this dependence.
Food securityWhen all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (FAO, 2004).
Food webA conceptual diagram that represents the feeding relationships of organisms within an ecosystem. It consists of a series of interconnected food chains.
FootprintFootprint is an abstract term used to present an area of influence or impact from a specific activity or phenomena.
Foreign policyA set of goals outlining how the country will interact with other countries economically, politically, socially and militarily, and to a lesser extent, how the country will interact with non-state actors.
FormationA geological formation is the fundamental unit of lithostratigraphy, used to describe rock strata that have a comparable lithology, facies or other similar properties.
Fossil RiverA river bed that no longer has water flowing in it.
FractureCrack or linear break in a rock formation.
FrameworkBasic conceptual structure used to solve or address complex issues
FreshwaterNaturally occurring water on the Earth's surface in bogs, ponds, lakes, rivers and streams, and groundwater in aquifers and underground streams. Freshwater is characterized by having low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids. The term specifically excludes seawater and brackish water.
Frontal rainfallPrecipitation resulting from the convergence of two air masses. Also known as convergence rainfall.
FungiA eukaryotic, multicellular organism that functions as a primary decomposer of dead plants and animals.